Japan was the first country to begin modernising its legal system along western lines, by importing parts of the French, but mostly the German Civil Code. This partly reflected Germany’s status as a rising power in the late 19th century. Similarly, traditional Chinese law gave way to westernisation towards the final years of the Qing Dynasty in the form of six private law codes based mainly on the Japanese model of German law.

  • Evidence law involves which materials are admissible in courts for a case to be built.
  • In civil law systems such as those of Italy, France, Germany, Spain and Greece, there is a distinct category of notary, a legally trained public official, compensated by the parties to a transaction.
  • Investigating, apprehending, charging, and trying suspected offenders is regulated by the law of criminal procedure.

The main institutions of law in industrialised countries are independent courts, representative parliaments, an …